The Special Court for Sierra Leone and the Residual Special Court for Sierra Leone, Freetown and The Hague

The Appeals Chamber

Justice Renate Winter (Austria) was appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. She previously served as international judge of the Supreme Court of Kosovo, as part of the United Nations interim civilian administration. She is an expert on family law, as well as on juvenile justice systems, women's justice issues, pedophilia, child labour and the role of the media in advocacy. Since 1981, Justice Winter has been a Judge at the Vienna Youth Court, where she has undertaken projects to help rehabilitate youth with problems of drug addiction and mental disability. Justice Winter has also worked on projects relating to youth and child soldiers for the United Nations, including in numerous African countries. She also has dealt with issues of organized crime and restorative justice. Throughout the 1990s, Justice Winter chaired numerous international conferences on matters relating to juvenile justice and gender-related justice issues. She is currently President of the International Association of Youth and Family Court Judges.

Justice Emmanuel Ayoola (Nigeria) was appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. He was judge of the Supreme Court of Nigeria, President of the Seychelles Court of Appeal, and former Chief Justice of the Gambia. He has been a Vice President of the World Judge's Association, and won the UN Human Rights Fellowship award, in 1996. He is a graduate of London and Oxford Universities and has edited the Seychelles Law Digest, the Law Reports of the Gambia, and the Nigerian Monthly Law Reports.

Justice George Gelaga King (Sierra Leone) was appointed by the Government of Sierra Leone. He has been President of the Sierra Leone Court of Appeal and of Court of Appeal of the Gambia. He served as Sierra Leone's Ambassador to France, Spain, Portugal and Switzerland from 1974 to 1978, and was at the same time Sierra Leone's Permanent Representative to UNESCO. Between 1978 and 1980 he served as Sierra Leone's Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations. Justice King taught law at the Sierra Leone Law School from 1990 to 2005. He is Chairman of both the Sierra Leone Law Journal and the Gambian National Council for Law Reporting, and was a member of the Sierra Leone Council of Legal Education. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts. He holds an LLB degree from London University, and was called to the Bar at Gray's Inn, London. In May 2007, he received Sierra Leone's highest honour when he was named a Grand Officer of the Republic of Sierra Leone (GORSL). He is a "Distinguished Visiting Professor" of Kingston University in Surrey, U.K.

Justice Geoffrey Robertson, QC (Australia) was appointed by the Government of Sierra Leone. He is founder and head of Doughty Street Chambers in the United Kingdom. He was sworn-in as an Appeals Judge on 2 December 2002, and served as President of the Special Court from 3 December 2002 until 15 March 2004. He resigned from the Special Court on August 2007.

Justice A. Raja N. Fernando (Sri Lanka) was appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations in March 2004. He died in November 2008. Justice Fernando had served as a judge in Sri Lanka since 1992, and had been appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court. From 1995 to 1996 he served as Director of Public Prosecutions in Belize. 1995 to 1996 Prior to 1992 he served as Senior State Counsel in the Attorney-General's Department in Sri Lanka, and as Judge Advocate of the Sri Lanka Navy at the rank of Commodore. Justice Fernando was sworn in as a Justice of the Special Court on 10 March 2004. In May 2005 he was elected and served a one-year term as Presiding Judge of the Appeals Chamber and President of the Special Court.

Justice Fernando passed away on 22 November 2008.

Justice Jon Kamada (Sierra Leone) was appointed by the Government of Sierra Leone. He holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in English and International Relations from Durham University (FBC), and a Diploma in Education from the University of Sierra Leone. He trained as a Barrister at the Inns of Court School of Law in London, and was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple in 1975. From 1976-80 he worked as State Prosecutor in the Government Law Office, rising to the rank of Senior State Counsel. In 1980 he entered private practice in criminal law. Justice Kamanda has served as an Appeals Court Justice in the Sierra Leone judiciary since 2004, and is the Presiding Judge in criminal appeals. He has also served as a High Court Judge in the Civil Division. In 1982 he was elected to Parliament, and he has served as Deputy Minister of Mineral Resources and Minister of Health. He was sworn in as a Special Court Appeals Judge in November 2007.

Shireen Avis Fisher (United States) was appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. She was sworn-in on 4 May 2009. Immediately prior to her appointment to the Special Court Justice Fisher served, from 2005 to 2008, as an International Judge of the War Crimes Chamber, Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The cases adjudicated by Justice Fisher at the Bosnia War Crimes Chamber included convictions for sexual slavery and other crimes against humanity, war crimes, and notably, the first convictions for the commission of genocide at Srebrenica. She also developed the court rules for victim and witness protections in the courtroom. She currently serves as a Commissioner on the Kosovo Independent Judicial and Prosecutorial Commission. Since 1986 she has also served as a Judge of General Jurisdiction Trial Courts (criminal, civil and family courts) in the U.S. state of Vermont, currently with Active-Retired Status. Justice Fisher began her legal career as a Public Defender in Vermont, with a particular focus on juvenile justice cases. She was called to the Bar in 1976. Justice Fisher received her Juris Doctor from the Columbus School of Law, Catholic University of America, in 1976 and an LLM in International Human Rights Law from University College London in 2001. She has written and lectured extensively on international law. She served as President of the Special Court from June 2012 to June 2013.

Justice Philip Waki (Kenya) was appointed Alternate Judge jointly by the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the Government of Sierra Leone. He joined the Special Court in February 2012 in advance of the Taylor appeal. Justice Waki became a judge of the Kenya Court of Appeal in 2003, after having served as a Judge of the High Court of Kenya for nine years. Prior to 1995, he was in private law practice in Kenya since being called to the Bar in 1975. Justice Waki has worked actively for reform within the Kenyan judiciary. In 2008 he was named to head the Commission of Inquiry into Post-Election Violence in Kenya, also called the "Waki Commission," to look into the political violence committed during Kenya's 2007 elections. In 2008 the International Commission of Jurists (Kenya) presented Justice Waki with the "Jurist of the Year Award."